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03 August 2021

The Activities of the Commission of Spiritual Schools on Organization and Support of the Spiritual Education System in the XIX century (on the materials of Orlov Province)

Bylye Gody
The Activities of the Commission of Spiritual Schools on Organization and Support of the Spiritual Education System in the XIX century (on the materials of Orlov Province)

The work examines the activities of the Commission of Theological Schools (1808−1839) on the organization and support of the system of spiritual education in Russia. At the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries, there was an active process of modernization of the education system. And immediately after the reform of secular education, questions began to be raised about the further change of the theological school, which was not orderly, did not have a general systematic education and sufficient provision for further improvement of conditions. The article is devoted to the consideration of proposals for funding, drawn up by highly educated and authoritative church-state leaders of the time. Speransky, Golitsyn, Feofilakt were the creators of the changes that breathed new standards into the old school, reflecting the progressive trends of the Alexander era. Based on a comparative analysis of the report of the Commission of Theological Schools on the allocation of church revenues for the maintenance of the system of spiritual education and diocesan reports, we see that the changes did not arouse general sympathy. The new orders for the subordination of the seminary to the academy or the limitation of the bishop's power over the schools were not supported by the public. The results of this study proved that initially good intentions, underlying innovations did not lead to the desired result. The transformations of the theological schools of the Russian Empire did not touch upon important issues of a class character in teaching and did not set goals in the upbringing of Orthodox Christians to become churched, changing regular curricula and lists of recommended Latin textbooks. The authors proved the influence of the regional aspect on the financing of theological schools, and this relationship reveals the achievements and results of the reform.

Source: Evgeniia S. Matveeva, Viktor A. Livtsov, Vladimir I. Filonov. (2021). The Activities of the Commission of Spiritual Schools on Organization and Support of the Spiritual Education System in the XIX century (on the materials of Orlov Province). Bylye Gody. 2021. 16(1): 126-137Evgeniia S. Matveeva, Viktor A. Livtsov, Vladimir I. Filonov. (2021). The Activi

Source web-site: http://ejournal52.com/journals_n/1614694994.pdf

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