The proposed work is dedicated to the prominent Ukrainian cultural and public figure Panteleimon Kulish (1819—1897). The article attempts to comprehend the phenomenon of P. Kulish as a factor that positively influenced the XIX century, not just the development of Ukrainian history and culture, but more significant processes, including the formation of national consciousness in Ukrainian society and the return of historical memory. Based on a large body of scientific literature and historical sources, the authors have identified several areas of P. Kulish's professional and public activities that most strongly influenced these processes. His social and political activity was realized in his participation in secret political organizations. He defended the idea of national revival and democratic development of Ukraine, enhancing the nationalcultural rights and autonomy of the Ukrainian people. P. Kulish's educational and publishing activities were also significant, as they influenced all layers of Ukrainian society (from poor peasants to representatives of social and intellectual elites). An important place in Kulish's activity is occupied by popularizing works by Ukrainian authors on Ukrainian topics and publishing and distributing books in Ukrainian devoted to Ukrainian history, culture, language, etc. P. Kulish's activities as a historian, ethnographer, writer, and poet significantly influenced the revival of historical memory in the Ukrainian public environment. In his scientific, journalistic, and literary works, he paid particular attention to the traditions and customs of the Ukrainian people, issues of the revival of Ukrainian statehood, and the search for ways to solidarize Ukrainian society. Thus, the influence of P.A. Kulish on Ukrainian culture and the social and political life of Ukrainian society was colossal and undoubtedly played a positive role in forming the Ukrainian people as a nation.
Source: Sergey I. Degtyarev, Diana V. Strupinska (2023). The Phenomenon of Panteleimon Kulish in the National History and Culture of Ukraine. Bylye Gody. 18(3): 1159-1169
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