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15 April 2023

The role of the engineering and technical intelligentsia in the formation and development of the industry of Southern Ukraine in the modern era

Historical and political researches
The role of the engineering and technical intelligentsia in the formation and development of the industry of Southern Ukraine in the modern era

The purpose of this article is to examine the professional activities of mining engineers and other specialists in the South of Ukraine in the modern period and to show their role in the for-mation and development of metallurgical industry. Outstanding mining engineer A. F. Mevius devoted almost half a century of his life to the development of industry in the Donetsk basin. He worked for many years in the Lugansk mountain district, the chief of which was in 1861.  Working on this post he's done a lot for the development of mining and metallurgical production in the Donbass. In 1860-e years supervised the construction of Ukraine's first puddling factories of Lugansk foundry. A. F. Mevius —  one of the initiators of convocation of congresses of miners of the South of Russia, which has played a leading role in creating the industry of Donbass and the Dnieper. For 20 years he was the head of the Executive body of the Congress — by the Council, using the authority among mining professionals and Industrialists of the South. Engineering-technical intelligentsia played a significant role in the formation and development of ironore and metallurgical industry of the South in the pre-  and postreform period. Engi-neers and technicians were  focused on improving production and exploration in the industrial region of Ukraine. Open engineers with large deposits of iron ore became the basis for the rapid development of metallurgical industry. Technical innovations introduced at the initiative of  the engineering and technical personnel, contributed to the growth of manufacturing productivity. In ad-dition to the production activities of engineers engaged in scientific research, contributing to the development of the theory and practice of the mining  business.  The topic under consideration has prospects for further research, in particular in the period of late XIX —  early XX centuries, when there was a rapid industrial development of the Russian Empire, including Ukraine.

Source: Dovzhuk I. (2020). The role of the engineering and technical intelligentsia in the formation and development of the industry of Southern Ukraine in the modern era. Historical and political researches. №1(66): 31-42

Source web-site: https://jhpr.donnu.edu.ua/article/view/8266

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