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15 March 2024

The rural women`s segment of the defense epic on the territory of Ukraine in the first period of the German-Soviet war of 1941 – 1945

Ukrainian Peasant
The rural women`s segment of the defense epic on the territory of Ukraine in the first period of the German-Soviet war of 1941 – 1945

The  goal  is  a  generalized  analysis  of  the  rural  women’s  segment  of  the defense  epic  on  the  territory  of  Ukraine  during  the  first  period  of  the  German-Soviet  war  1941-1945, an assessment of the role of rural women in ensuring the functioning of the agrarian sphere of the republic’s economy in extremely difficult wartime conditions, showing their labor achievements in the production of food for the front and the rear, participation in actions to help military units and the front, evacuation of agricultural resources to the rear regions of the country, conditions of everyday life of rural women’s society. The scientific c novelty of the research lies in the fact that the materials presented in it, in the context of the stated goal, complement the historiography of the national history of the period of the Second World War in general, and the history of the Ukrainian peasantry in particular. Conclusions. Rural women played an important role in ensuring the functioning of the agrarian sphere  in  the  conditions  of  the  defense  epic  on  the  territory  of  the  republic  in  the  first  period  of the German-Soviet war of 1941-1945. They successfully replaced men mobilized for the army as mechanics  and  in  management  positions  in  collective  farms  and  state  farms,  and  were  the  main workforce during the care and harvesting of the crop in 1941 and the execution of a complex of autumn and spring field work in 1942, in the process of production of livestock products. Thanks to their hard daily work, the front and the rear received the necessary food and raw materials. Rural women  were  massively  involved  in  the  construction  of  defensive  lines,  were  active  participants in all patriotic actions to help the front. Women played an important role in moving agricultural resources to the eastern regions of the country. In incredibly difficult material and living conditions, their everyday social function was extremely important — caring for families, caring for and raising children,  supporting  orphans  and  elderly  fellow  villagers,  the  disabled  and  the  families  of  fallen front-line soldiers, preserving the age-old traditions of the Ukrainian peasantry.

Source: Perehrest O., Titika O. (2022). The rural women’s segment of the defense epic on the territory of Ukraine in the first period of the German-Soviet war of 1941 – 1945. Ukrainian peasant. 28: 5-13

Source web-site: https://ukr-selianyn-ejournal.cdu.edu.ua/article/view/4787/5042

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