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09 March 2019

«Enslavement» of the Вon Cossacks in 1880–1890: Myth or Reality?

Slavery: Theory and Practice
«Enslavement» of the Вon Cossacks in 1880–1890: Myth or Reality?

At the beginning of the XX century some don authors, including S.G. Svatikov and A.A. Karasev, used the term «enslavement» in relation to the modern Cossacks. According to them, in the years 1880—1890. Don Cossacks turned into a «military serfs». In the article we try to analyze the validity of such statements. On the basis of archival documents and materials of a number of Don Commissions, it is shown that the Cossacks of the service category were actually attached to the villages, several times a year calling in them to check equipment. The military authorities received the right to arrest and insult them for any malfunction in this equipment. Finally, for the debts in the amount of the villages, the property of the Cossack could be sold, and its share was leased. Based on these factors, it is necessary to recognize that the statement about the «enslavement» of the Cossacks is based on certain factual data.

Source: Peretyatko Artyom Y. (2018). «Enslavement» of the Вon Cossacks in 1880–1890: Myth or Reality? Slavery: Theory and Practice. Vol. 3(1): 68-80

Source web-site: http://ejournal43.com/journals_n/1545828075.pdf

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