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15 October 2022

Mehmed-Gerai`s hamam: the disappeared part of the Bakhchysarai Palace

City History, Culture, Society
Mehmed-Gerai`s hamam: the disappeared part of the Bakhchysarai Palace

This article is about the problem of the historical topography of the downtown of Bakhchisarai -Hansaray. It was the centre of formation of the medieval city and the capital of the Crimean Khanate. A popular belief is that Hansaray is, in one sense, a copy and development of the idea of a medieval Eastern Palace (videlicet, the Top Cap in Istanbul) and dominates in historiography.The study of kırımlı cultural and historical heritage remains at a very low level as a result of permanent genocide by Russia empire in the XIX-XX centuries. This led to the development of a distorted picture of the historical and scien-tific understanding of cultural heritage. Great and significant monuments, even scientific memory about them, have disappeared from the cultural and historical landscape. Mehmed IV Geray baths is an example of this. The actual lo-cation of the monument with the help of archaeological geolocation method has been determined in this article. This discovery and interpretation, as an important part of the palatial part of the city development, gives a different look at the whole complex of Hansaray. The Khan’s Palace is the centre of the city in contradistinction from the Oriental palaces. Quarters of socially important structures formed around it (one of them was Mohammed IV Giray’s baths). After that city development transforms into civic blocks with town mansions, mosques and other public buildings.

Source: Moisieiev D. (2020) Mehmed-Gerai`s hamam: the disappeared part of the Bakhchysarai Palace. City History, Culture, Society. 10(3): 52-61

Source web-site: http://mics.org.ua/journal/index.php/mics/article/view/139/147

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