The article analyzes the memoirs of state and public figures (I. Mazepa, V. Petriv, M. Shkilnyk, E. Chykalenko), military leaders (M. Kapustiansky, M. Omelinovych-Pavlenko, G. Tiutiunyk, P. Shandruk, V. Oskilko, O. Udovychenko, M. Chebotariv, A. Puzytsky and others) and participants in military actions (O. Dumin, A. Tarnavsky, I. Krylovetsky, V. Tatarsky, M. Chaboryn, P. Diachenko and others) on the territory of the Right-bank Ukraine in 1918-1920s, which were published (republished) in Galicia, the diaspora and independent Ukraine during the XX — beginning of the XXI century. To some extent these materials reflect military construction, in particular, mobilization measures to fill the Active Army with recruits, their organization, training and deployment to the front divisions to fulfill their military duties. According to the authors, it often happened that the mobilization process was not properly organized by the local authorities, without an appropriate apparatus and insufficient discipline on the part of those who were called to serve in the Ukrainian Army. The objective facts are found out to prove the chaotic and independent employment of personnel by military divisions both by recruiting volunteers and forcing young men to participate in military actions on the side of the UPR. The sources also recorded the lack of proper training of the mobilized as well as unpleasant facts of ignoring their military duties fulfillment and even deserting, which greatly damaged the organization of armed defense of the Ukrainian statehood.
The personalities of the memoirists and in most cases their role in the events that took place at that time in Naddniprianshchyna as well as their participation in conducting mobilization actions are specified. Interesting details and evaluations which provide evidence about the peculiarities of mobilization to the Active Army of the UPR in different regions during the given period are presented.
Source: Liaskovych R. (2018). Mobilization to the active army of the UPR in 1918-1920s: organization and performance (Thruogh the recollections of participants). Intermarum: istoriya, polityka, kulʹtura. №5: 99-111
Source web-site: http://intermarum.zu.edu.ua/article/view/154744/154377Number of views: 1391