After the Ottoman-Russian War of 1877-1878, there were migration movements from the Balkans and the Caucasus to Anatolia. The Balkan Wars of 1912-1913, which occurred after this war, also caused mass migration. Founded on the historical heritage of the Ottoman Empire as the Republic of Turkey in many respects, he was forced to take over from the Ottoman Empire in the immigration issue. The newly established administration of the Republic of Turkey, in accordance with the nationalization policy of war to fill the gap, consisting of experienced losses and began working to revive economic life. The remedies were sought. The first remedy to come to mind was to get rid of different ethnic and religious elements and replace them with the same language, religion and culture. In this way, the population needed by the newly established Turkish State would be provided. In this respect, the Turkish population in the Balkans migrated to Anatolia. New regulations for these immigrants to Turkey was made. Migrations were made through agreements with Romania and Bulgaria. With the resettlement policy implemented, this population was tried to be ensured to become a producer as soon as possible. The emigration from Bulgaria and Romania to Eastern Thrace was small in 1923-1933 and accelerated in 1934-1938. As a result of the settlements made in the Thrace region, the population of the region increased two to three times. In this study, migration and settlement processes, problems and problems of these immigrants who came from Bulgaria and Romania to Thrace between 1934-1938 will be discussed.
Source: Özlem Karapınar (2020). New Residents of Thrace: Immigrants (1934-1938). History Studies. International Journal of History. Vol. 12. Is.2: 467-495
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