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19 March 2021

Replenishment of the source base on history of Hetmanate (testament of the bunchuk comrade P.S. Lysohub)

Arkhivy Ukrayiny
Replenishment of the source base on history of Hetmanate (testament of the bunchuk comrade P.S. Lysohub)

The  article  aims  to  introduce  into  the  scientific  circulation  and  to  make  an  analysis  of  the  historical  source  —  an  unknown  testament  of  1780  of  a  representative of the Cossack officers Petro Semenovych Lysohub (ap. 1736—1780). The testament is stored in the State Archives of Chernihiv Region. Up till now, only 23  testaments  of  the  representatives  of  the  government  officers  of  the  Chernihiv  Regiment were known. The published testament was studied for the first time, which determines  the  scientific  novelty  of  the  publication.  In  preparing  the  publication,  the research methods were selected in accordance with the purpose, and the most important were general scientific methods of analysis and deduction. The text of the testament  and  analyzes  its  content  is  given  at  this  archeographic  publication.  The  circumstances of drawing up the document are clarified and the information about the persons mentioned in it are given. Conclusions. The form and internal structure of the document are typical for the representatives of the Cossack  officer’s testaments of that time. The property is classified into movable and immovable, which also has its own internal gradation. Equally characteristic of the testators of that time was the motivation  of  P.S.  Lysohub  to  conclude  the  clergy:  to  perfect  his  property  affairs  and  to  prevent  possible  conflicts  over  his  inheritance,  especially  among  relatives.  The  main  purpose  of  P.S.  Lysohub’s  expression  of  will  is  to  secure  the  future  (welfare, property, education, upbringing) of his father, wife and children. He also pays  attention  to  the  relationship  between  relatives:  he  asks  his  wife  and  children  to respect his father, as well as children their mother. The testament allows to trace the family ties of P. S. Lysohub with the Bishop of Chernihiv Irakli (Komarovs’kyi) (1703—1765),  the  Ukrainian  writer  Mykola  Vasyliovych  Gogol  (1809—1852)  and  the  scientist,  archeographer,  translator,  publisher  and  bibliophile  Fedir  Osypovych  Tumans’kyi (1757—1810).

Source: Morozovа A. (2020) Replenishment of the source base on history of Hetmanate (testament of the bunchuk comrade P.S. Lysohub). Arkhivy Ukrayiny. №1(322): 198-209

Source web-site: http://au.archives.gov.ua/index.php/au/article/view/35/8

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