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03 November 2020

The Armed Uprising in the Sochi District of the Black Sea Governorate in the Russian Empire (1905–1906) and its Interpretation in the Exhibition of the Regional Museum

Brukenthal. Acta Musei
The Armed Uprising in the Sochi District of the Black Sea Governorate in the Russian Empire (1905–1906) and its Interpretation in the Exhibition of the Regional Museum

The academic paper reviews the armed uprising in the Sochi district, Black Sea governorate, Russian Empire, in the period of the First Russian Revolution, and analyzes the interpretation of these events in the exhibition displayed in the Museum of the History of the Resort City of Sochi. Sources used include documents from local, regional and central archival repositories of the Russian Federation. Key value can also be attached to the documents stored in the Museum of the History of the Resort City of Sochi. The methodology of the research was based on the principles of historicism, objectivity and systematic analysis. Additionally, we utilized a chronological method that enabled us to look at the events of the First Russian Revolution in their chronological order. In conclusion, the authors suggested that social and political movements in the Sochi district of the Black Sea governorate acted in line with the social scenarios that determined their behaviors in the time of revolutionary events. The local authorities struggled to defend their positions, while the revolutionaries exerted pressure on them by making use of the population which they engaged in this process through various mechanisms. Any calls for protection of the tsarist rule, voiced by the Russian intelligentsia, were nipped in the bud by revolutionaries through physical destruction. The exhibition housed by the Museum of the History of the Resort City of Sochi depicts the revolutionaries as freedom fighters, rather than shows what they actually were — terrorists and expropriators. The museum exhibition also fails to reflect the killings of civilians, carried out by the revolutionaries, as well as has no materials on the seizure of property, robbery, separatism, nationalism and many other aspects. This is why the exhibition is specifically designed in the style so that the events of 1905-1906 in Sochi can be perceived in harmony with the official textbook on the history of the Communist Party of the USSR.

Source: Taran K., Kurbanov R. (2018) The Armed Uprising in the Sochi District of the Black Sea Governorate in the Russian Empire (1905–1906) and its Interpretation in the Exhibition of the Regional Museum. Brukenthal. Acta Musei. XIII. 1: 81-94

Source web-site: http://www.brukenthalmuseum.ro/pdf/BAM/BAM%202018%20pt%20online-compressed.pdf

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