Scientific Information Agency
23 December 2019

Hungarians, Hungary and Turanism

History Studies. International Journal of History
Hungarians, Hungary and Turanism

The word of Turan, Persian origin, is used today in terms of the place where all Turkish tribes live. This ideological meaning was developed in the 19th and 20th centuries by Hungarian linguists and historians. In Hungary, in the first half of the 20th century, a strong Turanian ideological air prevailed. Therefore, Turanism is identified with the Hungarians. Hungarian Turanism was born and strengthened in the middle of Europe with loneliness and economic problems. Although the idea of Turan was frozen after the Second World War, today, this historical ideology has begun to revive in Hungary. The anti-EU and anti-Western opposition is expressed through the Turan ideology. These considerations are frequently voiced by Hungary's main opposition party JOBBIK and the Hungarian Turan Foundation. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the process of integration with the EU in Hungary, the country's financial crisis, and foreign borrowing made it possible to revive the idea of “Turan” in Hungary again. While in Turkey, the idea of Turan is a little more romantic, the idea of «Hungarian sibling» overpowers. The return to the East in the discourses of Jobbik, seen as a Turanian party in Hungary, is in fact a return to the East from the West. The main reason for this is the economic crisis in Europe and the crisis of the Hungarian economy.

Source: Alev Duran, Fatma Çalık Orhun (2019) Hungarians, Hungary and Turanism. History Studies. International Journal of History. Vol. 11. Is. 2: 557-571

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