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28 November 2020

Revolutionary Disturbances in the Early XX Century: Agrarian Law of Central and South Eastern Europe

Ukrainian Peasant
Revolutionary Disturbances in the Early XX Century: Agrarian Law of Central and South Eastern Europe

The article analyzes the agrarian legislation of Poland,Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia between 1918 and 1920. It wasdiscovered that a peasantry was the active subject ofrevolutionary disturbances in the Central and SoutheasternEurope in the early XX century. The leadership elite of thenewly established states linked the future of their nations withthe peasantry. It is substantiated that, despite the objectivedifferences for these state entities, agrarian reforms in thesecountries had one common denominator. They were directedat the formation and development of numerical nationalindividual medium peasant land tenure.The problem in the article was the subject of a partialdiscussion in the scientific and educational literature. Theauthors have mainly studied some aspects of agrarian reformin individual countries. At the same time, taking into accountthe scientific and practical significance of the identified topic,a comparative analysis of the agrarian legislation of Poland,Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia is promising. The authoraims  to  study  the  agrarian  legislation  of  Poland,Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia in the context of revolutionarydisturbances in Europe between 1918 and 1920.An analysis of the agrarian legislation of Poland,Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and other European countriesconvinces that the agrarian question in these states was socio-economic and socio-political. A peasantry was an activesubject of European revolutionary disturbances in the earlyXX century. The leadership elite of Poland, Czechoslovakiaand Yugoslavia saw the basis of the newly emerging nationalstates in the peasantry. Priority in their domestic policybelonged to the solution of the agrarian question. Despite theobjective differences for these state entities, agrarian reformsin these countries had one common denominator. They aimedat the formation and development of numerical nationalindividual medium peasant land ownership. Provision ofpeasants to land was carried out through the alienation oflarge land tenure, the definition of the boundaries of inalienableland ownership.

Source: Kornovenko S., Zemzyulina N. (2018). Revolutionary Disturbances in the Early XX Century: Agrarian Law of Central and South Eastern Europe. Ukrainian Peasant. №19: 45-49

Source web-site: http://ukr-selianyn-ejournal.cdu.edu.ua/article/view/2814/2999

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