The author of the article, based on the documents revealed by him in the state archive of the Krasnodar Territory, cites data on the presence of runaway Cossacks and peasants in the mountains of the Northwest Caucasus in the middle of the 19th century, who, together with the mountaineers, were engaged in the capture and trafficking of people who were the same Russians, like them. The author concludes that many fugitives and deserters (Cossacks and peasants) who owned slaves in the mountains were criminals driven by criminal motives. Moreover, certain circumstances (ethnic, country, religious affiliation and kinship, etc.) were completely not taken into account by them.
Source: Stepanenko N. (2019) Runaway Cossacks and Peasants – Slave-Owners in the Northwest Caucasus in the Middle of the XIX century. Slavery: Theory and Practice. 4(1): 28-33
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