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05 May 2024

The Formation of the Structures of the West Ukrainian People's Republic (ZUNR) in Ternopil Region in 1918

Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. History
The Formation of the Structures of the West Ukrainian People's Republic (ZUNR) in Ternopil Region in 1918

The article deals with the peculiar features of the formation, legitimization and development of administrative, judicial and military structures of the West Ukrainian People’s Republic (ZUNR) in the territory of the southern and central parts of the modern Ternopil region in November — December 1918. Particular attention is paid to the characteristics of the transfer of power by the Austrian administration to the Ukrainian side in the city of Tarnopol (modern Ternopil) — this example is important because, unlike in Lviv, the city mostly managed to preserve the peaceful coexistence of Ukrainian, Polish and Jewish people during the revolutionary events. The study also examines the formation of local administrative structures and law enforcement agencies, such as the Zbarazh, Chortkiv and Berezhany counties, in the context of significant militarization of society, and the deployment of the Ukrainian‑Polish war in Eastern Galicia in 1918—1919. An analysis of the formation of the ZUNR structures in the Ternopil region, in November — December 1918, makes it possible to observe state-building processes in rural areas, at the level of counties and one of the largest cities of Galicia — Tarnopol. Thus, attention is drawn to such issues on the history of ZUNR, which are virtually absent in contemporary Ukrainian and Polish historiography. Studying the creation of administrative structures, the article examines the attitude of the local Polish and Jewish population to building a local national administrative apparatus by the Ukrainians. The cases of involvement of representatives of other peoples who inhabited the territory of Ternopil region to the power vertical of the Western Ukrainian state were emphasized.

Source: Rukkas A., Humennyi S. (2020). The Formation of the Structures of the West Ukrainian People's Republic (ZUNR) in Ternopil Region in 1918. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. History. 144: 49-55

Source web-site: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1-BFVs7J9WfIkfs3WxgJ0xuL9lWXka-gw/view

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