Scientific Information Agency
Search
17 July 2021

The Population is not Guaranteed Against Major Shocks. Organization of Protection against Water Disasters in the South of the Russian Empire in the 18th – early 20th centuries

Bylye Gody
The Population is not Guaranteed Against Major Shocks. Organization of Protection against Water Disasters in the South of the Russian Empire in the 18th – early 20th centuries

The article examines the characteristic features and state of the system of protection from water elements, relief of its consequences and assistance to victims in the South of the Russian Empire. The materials for the article were gleaned from the funds of the State Archives of the Astrakhan Region and Krasnodar Territory, most of which are introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, as well as from the periodicals of the period under study. The study analyzes specific situations, organizational and managerial measures to prevent and protect against floods using the example of the Astrakhan province, as well as the organization of assistance to victims of the 1914 hurricane in the Kuban region. The authors made conclusions about the insufficient legislative regulation in the Russian Empire of measures to combat the water element, rescue and restoration work and assistance to victims. The weak participation of the central government in the development of a system for preventing disasters and stopping their consequences, which was built mostly on public funds and initiatives, was noted. The key areas that required state participation were highlighted: the construction of capital coastal protection structures, the creation of a centralized fund to help victims of the disaster, the formation of a specialized rescue service.

Source: Vasily S. Semenov, Olga V. Semenova (2021). “The Population is not Guaranteed Against Major Shocks”. Organization of Protection against Water Disasters in the South of the Russian Empire in the 18th – early 20th centuries. Bylye Gody. 2021. 16(1): 15-24

Source web-site: http://ejournal52.com/journals_n/1614694281.pdf

Number of views: 1212
Resources

Subscription